In a forensic psychological assessment, the retaining party (often the court, an agency, or the attorney) is the client. Evaluations The FEU seeks to provide the Mecklenburg County Courts with scientifically, ethically, and legally sound forensic psychological evaluations, consultation, and other services related to psychology in order to assist the Courts in their task of properly administering justice. The psychological evaluation includes a review of all relevant historical data, a clinical interview, psychosocial history, past psychological treatment (if any); and include and risk factors. Some long-standing issues in the field will be discussed, including limited training, variations in administration, errors of scoring, partial administration of tests, use of obsolete forms, arbitrary test selection and multiple testing of the same function. Despite the apparent widespread use of psychological tests in evaluations performed by psychologists to assist legal decision makers, there has been little critical but balanced examination of the appropriate parameters for the forensic use of such tests. Presentations of psychometric data in court. The field of psychological assessment emerged in academic and clinical settings. Definitions of mental retardation overlap with definitions of other disorders, and dual diagnoses are common in people with mental retardation. Forensic assessment, as mentioned earlier, may involve the use of psychological tests or assessment instruments. Other states do it voluntarily. Differences in attitudes toward the temporary insanity defense and the insanity defense. Uses of databases will be taught. As noted, testing is an important way to complement clinical data. Information obtained from assessment has a scientific basis as it compares the individual against normative data. Learn about the patterns of psychological test use among forensic psychologists; about computer-generated personality testing reports and about typical cross-examination questions regarding computer-generated personality assessment reports. This presentation describes the common errors found in HRNTB administration, forensic testimony and even professional workshops. 5 0 obj The decision about how and when to use a test as part of a forensic assessment involves consideration of the relevance of the test to the legal question or to the psychological construct that underlies the legal issue. The Bill of Rights calls for an impartial jury, yet few, if any, legal scholars believe jurors approach their duty as blank slates. The view that most patients become symptom free and resume work shortly following settlement of their claims is not supported. Neuropsychological impairment can occur following exposure to toxins. Further, more "death qualified" respondents endorsed retribution as a viable reason to support the death penalty than did "Witherspoon excludables. The application of psychology to the selection of police officers has long been a part of the process, usually in the form of a psychological evaluation performed by a licensed clinical psychologist. The intentional misuse of tests is even more distressing. This presentation will illustrate, with entertaining case examples, the use of the validity scales of the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI) in conjunction with personality scale information to identify these two attitudes and understand their relationship with an even broader range of personality disorders. The insane, whether temporarily or otherwise, are thought to be missing culpable intent when they commit an illegal act. This case study describes the literature on obsessional following and erotomanic delusions, reviews prior psychometric data on such patients, and presents a case of a patient who was evaluated with a variety of objective and projective psychological test instruments. False positive errors on selected tests of malingering, University students' attitudes and perceptions of the death penalty, Even with the present sample from a college population, the vast majority favored the death penalty. Evaluating Low IQ Spanish speakers with Standardized Tests in Capital Cases: Clinical, Methodological, and Ethical Issues. At the same time, legal admissibility standards increasingly have stressed the importance of the reliability and validity of evidence in … This is also true for the temporary insanity defense. Little, however, is known about the specific trial abilities and deficits of this population. These issues can be effectively evaluated using a large database of similar claims. The past several decades have seen a major upswing in the development and use of psychological assessment instruments in forensic and correctional settings. Nonstatistical comparison to the competency abilities of a reference group of 88 nonpsychotic, normal-IQ adult defendants is presented. Psychological screening of law enforcement candidates. The act must also cause harm. Forensic hypnosis, memory recall related to rape and battery cases. The trier of fact, including jury, is understandably naive in evaluating technical information such as psychological testing, and therefore a skilled rebuttal to "evidence" of disability can add significant advantage to the defense in mental disability claims arbitration. In this article, we review Flynn's evidence for his two WAIS-III IQ inflation theories. Given today's technology in the field of forensic psychology, one can be confident in the expert opinion of a qualified forensic scientist. ), evaluator (name, qualifications, location of assessment), purpose of the evaluation and, if a criminal matter, what the defendant is alleged to have done. A comprehensive examination should be conducted in cooperation with a neurologist as neurologic exams, blood screens, PET scans, and QEEGs can be used to help determine what caused impairment in functioning. Attendees should be able to avoid the major pitfalls summarized in the discussion. In some child custody cases, we find deliberate misrepresentation of the computerized test reports of the parents, in order to "fit" the preconceived impressions of the psychologist. Attendees should be able to avoid the major pitfalls summarized in the discussion. To avoid invalid results and consequent misdiagnoses, courtroom or deposition embarrassment, or incorrect data collection for research or communication purposes, the neuropsychologist and testing technicians must conduct standardized, error-free administrations. A history of head trauma or alcohol abuse can cause impairment or can attenuate response to toxic exposure. The initial reliability and validity of these instruments has been promising. Individual differences in crimes, criminals, and circumstances justify the need for personalized sentences in each case. Psychological evaluation for Immigration. In criminal cases, a psychological evaluation may be court ordered to determine competency to stand trial, legal insanity, risk for violence, or sexual dangerousness. This phenomenon has come to be called the "Flynn effect," after the person who attempted to measure the rate at which it occurs. The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale is one of the most widely-used psychological tests, and a staple in forensic psychological and neuropsychological evaluations. Criminal Law: Psychologists are used to evaluate criminal defendants in order to determine their competency to stand trial and to determine sanity as it relates to criminal responsibility. Mental health professionals, probation officers, and social workers are among those in the forensic field called on Other surveys have reported on psychological test usage in varying types of forensic evaluations. Some assessments were adjusted so that only recidivism was what was being looked at, and predictive validity was noted. Misuse of psychological tests in forensic settings, Introducing the wais-iv: conceptual and forensic considerations. psychology CD. Previous research has indicated that adolescents of low intelligence are more likely to be found incompetent to stand trial (IST). 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